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InicioInternacionalEstados Unidos supera los 400 tiroteos masivos en lo que va de...

Estados Unidos supera los 400 tiroteos masivos en lo que va de 2023

El país alcanzó la sombría cifra el sábado 22 de julio. Es la primera vez que se registran 400 tiroteos masivos en una fecha tan temprana, desde al menos 2013, según el Gun Violence Archive (GVA, por sus siglas en inglés).

GVA —un grupo sin fines de lucro creado en 2013 para hacer un seguimiento de la violencia relacionada con las armas— define un tiroteo masivo como aquel en el que al menos cuatro personas resultan heridas de bala, excluyendo al atacante.

A menos de cinco meses para que termine el año, Estados Unidos ya ha eclipsado el número de tiroteos masivos registrados cada año entre 2013 y 2018. De mantenerse el ritmo actual, en 2023 se registrarán más tiroteos masivos que entre 2019 y 2022. El Gun Violence Archive comenzó a hacer un seguimiento de estas cifras en 2013.

En 2019, se necesitaron 356 días, casi todo el año, para alcanzar los 400 tiroteos masivos. Este año y en 2021, sin embargo, Estados Unidos alcanzó esa marca en tan solo siete meses. La tasa de tiroteos masivos en 2023 ha superado constantemente la de años anteriores, con un promedio de casi dos tiroteos masivos por día.

Casi 1 de cada 5 adultos estadounidenses ha tenido un familiar muerto por arma de fuego, incluidos homicidios y suicidios, según una encuesta realizada en 2023 por la KFF (antes conocida como Kaiser Family Foundation).

Aproximadamente la misma proporción de adultos ha sido amenazada personalmente con un arma de fuego, y aproximadamente 1 de cada 6 adultos ha sido testigo de un herido por arma de fuego, según la encuesta.

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