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lunes, junio 17, 2024
InicioNacionalEconomíaEl Canal de Panamá aumenta el calado autorizado de los buques debido...

El Canal de Panamá aumenta el calado autorizado de los buques debido a la disponibilidad de agua

La Administración del Canal de Panamá ha anunciado este jueves un aumento en el calado autorizado de los buques que transitan por la vía interoceánica, gracias a un incremento en la disponibilidad de agua. A partir del 15 de junio, el calado permitido será de 13.71 metros (45 pies), en comparación con los 13.4 metros (44 pies) anteriores.

Esta decisión se ha tomado debido al aumento en el nivel del agua en el lago Gatún, resultado de las recientes lluvias, lo que ha permitido anticipar la medida prevista para las próximas semanas. La Autoridad del Canal de Panamá había reducido el calado de las embarcaciones previamente debido a la escasez de agua causada por la sequía provocada por el fenómeno de El Niño.

El canal, una de las principales rutas marítimas del mundo, opera principalmente con agua dulce de los lagos Gatún y Alhajuela. Sin embargo, la sequía había afectado significativamente los niveles de agua en estos lagos, lo que llevó a restricciones en el tráfico y en el calado de los buques.

Durante el peor momento de la crisis, el tránsito diario de buques se redujo gradualmente de un promedio de 39 a 22, aunque ahora ha vuelto a aumentar a 31. Además, el calado se redujo a 14 metros (44 pies), lo que implicaba que los barcos llevaban menos carga.

El Canal de Panamá es una vía vital para el comercio marítimo mundial, con Estados Unidos, China y Japón como algunos de sus principales usuarios. En el año fiscal 2023, generó $3,344 millones en ingresos por el tránsito de embarcaciones y servicios relacionados.

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