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miércoles, abril 17, 2024
InicioPolíticaHonduras y El Salvador en disputa por tratado marítimo con Nicaragua en...

Honduras y El Salvador en disputa por tratado marítimo con Nicaragua en el Golfo de Fonseca

La tensión diplomática entre Honduras y El Salvador se intensifica después de que El Salvador presentara una protesta formal contra Honduras por haber ratificado un tratado marítimo con Nicaragua en aguas del Golfo de Fonseca, región compartida por los tres países centroamericanos.

El canciller hondureño, Eduardo Enrique Reina, confirmó la recepción de la protesta salvadoreña y anunció la pronta respuesta de Honduras a dicha protesta. Según Reina, El Salvador argumenta que cualquier negociación sobre la región del Golfo de Fonseca debe incluir la participación de los tres países para que sea válida.

La ratificación del tratado por parte del Parlamento hondureño el 19 de marzo establece límites con Nicaragua en el Mar Caribe y aguas fuera del Golfo de Fonseca, suscrito inicialmente por los presidentes de Honduras y Nicaragua en octubre de 2021.

Reina, en declaraciones al Canal 5 de Televisión en Tegucigalpa, destacó que la Corte Internacional de Justicia (CIJ) de La Haya emitió una sentencia sobre el contencioso limítrofe entre Honduras y El Salvador en 1992, aunque no especificó los detalles de la protesta salvadoreña.

El canciller hondureño sostiene que la CIJ no exige la participación de los tres países en las negociaciones, sino que invita a las partes a dialogar. En este sentido, Honduras busca reiniciar el diálogo con El Salvador y Nicaragua para resolver las diferencias marítimas en el Golfo de Fonseca.

Reina recalca que la sentencia de la CIJ establece una cosoberanía de los tres Estados en el Golfo de Fonseca y reconoce los derechos soberanos de Honduras en el océano Pacífico, lo que motiva a Honduras a establecer acuerdos en una negociación de buena fe.

La disputa entre Honduras y El Salvador por el tratado marítimo con Nicaragua en el Golfo de Fonseca evidencia la necesidad de un diálogo diplomático para superar las diferencias y avanzar hacia un desarrollo conjunto en la región.

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