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Turistas sorprendidos por el avistamiento de ballenas en playa El Majahual

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Foto: Referencia.

Personal de Cruz Verde salvadoreña anunció en su cuenta oficial de Twitter el avistamiento de ballenas en la playa el Majahual.

Turistas locales y extranjeros que visitaban la playa el Majahual apreciaron desde las orillas de la playa al mamífero cetáceo que se encontraba en las costas del departamento de La Libertad, además aprovecharon para tomar fotos y video al animal.

 “Las ballenas jorobadas que visitan las costas salvadoreñas pertenecen a la unidad poblacional de Centroamérica y de acuerdo con especialistas de la región esta población se encuentra en ‘peligro de extinción’, ya que se estima que existen entre 400 y 600 individuos”. Así lo detalló El Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARN), en su última publicación hecha el pasado 13 de julio de 2021.

Las autoridades del MARN contabilizaron un total de 53 ballenas jorobadas (Megaptera novaeangliae) visitaron nuestra costa desde noviembre de 2020 hasta abril de 2021.

Conoce algunos datos curiosos de estos Cetáceos:

1. ¡Las ballenas tienen pelo! Antes de nacer, su cuerpo está cubierto en un vello corporal aterciopelado llamado ‘lanugo’ y algunas incluso lo conservan de adultos.

2. Las ballenas descienden de animales terrestres con extremidades. Por eso su columna no se balancea de lado a lado sino de arriba hacia abajo y su cola es horizontal, no vertical como la de un pez (o la de un tiburón).

3. El excremento de las ballenas funciona como fertilizante para ecosistemas poco profundos. Al fertilizar el plancton fotosintético, retiene toneladas de carbón que, de lo contrario, irían a la atmósfera.

4. Mientras unas ballenas tienen dientes (llamadas odontocetos o cetáceos con dientes) y cazan peces, calamares y focas, otras (llamadas mysticetus o cetáceos con barbas) filtran microorganismos marinos como el krill y el plancton del agua, como una aspiradora gigante.

5. La ballena azul, que es el animal más grande de todos los tiempos, puede llegar a ser del tamaño de un Airbus A320 y su lengua es igual de grande que un elefante africano.

6. 3.000 metros es la profundidad máxima alcanzada por una ballena de la que se tiene registro.

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