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lunes, junio 17, 2024
InicioInternacionalUNICEF reporta que casi 400 Millones de niños sufren castigos violentos en...

UNICEF reporta que casi 400 Millones de niños sufren castigos violentos en sus hogares

UNICEF reveló este lunes 10 de junio, que casi 400 millones de niños menores de cinco años, aproximadamente el 60% del grupo demográfico a nivel mundial, son disciplinados con métodos de violencia física o psicológica en el hogar.

Estas nuevas estimaciones del Fondo de Naciones Unidas para la Infancia abarcan datos recopilados entre 2010 y 2023 de 100 países, incluyendo tanto el “castigo físico” como la “agresión psicológica”. El maltrato psicológico incluye acciones como gritos o insultos, mientras que el físico abarca desde “zarandear hasta dar palmadas”, sin causar lesiones.

De los casi 400 millones de menores, unos 330 millones sufren castigos físicos, según Unicef. A pesar del progreso en la prohibición del castigo físico en algunos países, alrededor de 500 millones de niños menores de cinco años carecen de protección legal contra estas prácticas.

Unicef destaca que más de una de cada cuatro madres o adultos considera necesarios los métodos de castigo físico para la educación de los niños, lo que puede tener consecuencias negativas en su autoestima y desarrollo.

En el primer Día Internacional del Juego, Unicef también compartió datos sobre el acceso de los niños a actividades lúdicas, señalando que muchos niños carecen de juguetes y estimulación adecuada en el hogar, lo que es crucial para su desarrollo cognitivo, social y emocional.

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