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lunes, junio 24, 2024
InicioInternacionalOMS alerta sobre brote de gripe aviar H5N1 en EE. UU, 36...

OMS alerta sobre brote de gripe aviar H5N1 en EE. UU, 36 ganaderías infectadas

La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) ha emitido una advertencia sobre un brote de gripe aviar H5N1 en Estados Unidos, que ha afectado a un total de 36 ganaderías de vacas lecheras. Se ha notificado un caso humano relacionado y se están vigilando a 220 personas en relación con este brote.

La directora del departamento de Prevención y Preparación ante Epidemias y Pandemias (EPP) de la OMS, María Van Kerkhove, ha destacado que el virus está mostrando signos de adaptación a las especies de mamíferos, lo que aumenta el nivel de alerta. Aunque aún no se predice que esto se convierta en una pandemia, la OMS insta a permanecer vigilantes.

La OMS también ha advertido que “muchas más personas” de las que se han notificado podrían haber estado expuestas a animales infectados, y es importante que todos los expuestos se sometan a pruebas o seguimiento médico. Desde que el brote afectó a las vacas estadounidenses, al menos 30 personas han sido sometidas a pruebas.

Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, director general de la OMS, ha destacado la importancia de consumir leche pasteurizada y ha reiterado que el riesgo para la salud pública que plantea la gripe aviar H5N1 sigue siendo bajo. Sin embargo, se necesita más vigilancia y atención a las personas expuestas a animales infectados.

En cuanto a la producción de vacunas, la OMS ha trabajado en acuerdos con los fabricantes para tener entre el 10 y el 12 % de vacunas contra esta gripe en producción en tiempo real en caso de necesidad. Aunque aún no se ha comenzado la producción de ninguna vacuna, se están llevando a cabo pruebas para determinar su eficacia contra este linaje del virus.

Este brote de gripe aviar H5N1 en Estados Unidos resalta la importancia de la vigilancia y la preparación ante posibles pandemias, así como la necesidad de un enfoque ‘One Health’ que reconozca los vínculos entre la salud humana, animal y ambiental. La OMS continúa monitoreando la situación y trabajando en colaboración con los países afectados para contener y prevenir la propagación del virus.

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