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viernes, julio 19, 2024
InicioNacionalEconomíaLa Reserva Federal de EE. UU, evalúa su postura ante la inflación

La Reserva Federal de EE. UU, evalúa su postura ante la inflación

Las recientes actas publicadas del Comité Federal de Mercado Abierto (FOMC) han arrojado luz sobre las discusiones sostenidas durante su última reunión, celebrada los pasados 19 y 20 de marzo. Los miembros del FOMC expresaron una preocupación compartida sobre la persistencia de la inflación, destacando que los datos recientes no han aumentado su confianza en una disminución sostenida para alcanzar la meta del 2%.

La publicación de estas actas coincidió con la noticia de que la tasa de inflación en Estados Unidos experimentó un nuevo aumento en marzo, alcanzando un 3,5 % interanual. Este incremento confirmó las preocupaciones de la Fed sobre la dificultad de controlar la inflación en un futuro próximo.

El presidente estadounidense, Joe Biden, reconoció que este aumento de precios podría retrasar la deseada disminución de los tipos de interés. Las actas de la Fed subrayaron la desigualdad en los avances hacia la reducción de la inflación y la necesidad de seguir de cerca los riesgos inflacionarios.

Aunque el Comité sigue confiando en alcanzar el objetivo del 2 % a medio plazo, advierte sobre el impacto negativo de una inflación elevada en los hogares, especialmente aquellos con dificultades para acceder a bienes básicos como alimentos, vivienda y transporte.

En consonancia con lo discutido en marzo, el FOMC considera apropiado adoptar una política menos restrictiva en algún momento del año si la economía evoluciona según lo previsto. No obstante, enfatizó la importancia de analizar minuciosamente los datos entrantes para determinar si la inflación se acerca de manera sostenible al objetivo establecido.

El presidente de la Reserva Federal, Jerome Powell, ha señalado que la Fed no esperará a alcanzar el 2 % para ajustar los tipos de interés si la economía sigue su curso esperado. Sin embargo, también dejó claro que no habrá prisa en tomar decisiones. La próxima reunión del FOMC está programada entre el 30 de abril y el 1 de mayo, donde se espera que se aborden estas cuestiones con mayor profundidad.

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