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lunes, junio 17, 2024
InicioInternacionalIsrael incluido en lista de Naciones que violentan derechos de niños en...

Israel incluido en lista de Naciones que violentan derechos de niños en conflictos armados

La ONU ha añadido a Israel a la lista de países que cometen violaciones graves de los derechos de los niños en conflictos armados, según informó este viernes el portavoz de la organización. Esta es la primera vez que Israel aparece en esta lista, aunque el año pasado ya fue mencionado en el informe junto con Palestina por tener altos niveles de violaciones graves comprobadas.

La lista incluye a países como Afganistán, Yemen y Somalia, y el año pasado también se destacó el conflicto de Ucrania, mencionando a Rusia por primera vez. El informe anual del Secretario General sobre la situación de los niños en los conflictos armados se presentará al Consejo de Seguridad el 14 de junio y se publicará el 18 de junio.

En respuesta a una filtración del informe por parte del embajador de Israel ante la ONU, Gilad Erdan, Stephan Dujarric, portavoz de la ONU, confirmó que el jefe de gabinete del Secretario General, Courtenay Rattray, se comunicó con Erdan para informarle de la inclusión de Israel en la lista. Erdan grabó la llamada y la publicó en redes sociales, lo cual Dujarric calificó de “chocante e inaceptable”.

El informe del año pasado, elaborado por la Oficina de la Representante Especial para Niños y Conflictos Armados, denunciaba que más de 8600 menores fueron asesinados o mutilados en escenarios de conflicto armado en 2022, documentando un total de 27,800 violaciones graves contra niños en guerra. Según datos del Ministerio de Salud de Gaza, hasta el 5 de junio, 7797 niños han muerto a causa de bombardeos y ataques israelíes, con estimaciones de hasta 10,000 cuerpos, mayoritariamente mujeres y niños, aún sepultados bajo los escombros.

Además, se estima que el 85% de los niños palestinos menores de cinco años sufren de hambre o desnutrición debido a restricciones impuestas por Israel en la entrega de alimentos. Al menos 30 niños han muerto de hambre en Gaza, según las autoridades sanitarias locales.

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