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viernes, febrero 23, 2024
InicioInternacionalEE.UU.Alabama realizará la primera ejecución con gas nitrógeno en EE. UU.

Alabama realizará la primera ejecución con gas nitrógeno en EE. UU.

Alabama llevará a cabo la primera ejecución con gas nitrógeno en Estados Unidos esta semana, utilizando un método calificado por las Naciones Unidas como “tortura”. Kenneth Eugene Smith, condenado por homicidio, enfrentará la pena de muerte en la prisión Holman de Atmore. La ejecución se llevará a cabo mediante hipoxia de nitrógeno, un método nunca antes utilizado en el país.

Smith, de 58 años, ha estado en el corredor de la muerte durante tres décadas por el homicidio de la esposa de un pastor en 1989. En 2022, tuvo un intento fallido de ejecución por inyección letal. La última ejecución con gas en Estados Unidos ocurrió en 1999. Alabama es uno de los tres estados que ha aprobado el método de hipoxia de nitrógeno, suministrando gas a través de una mascarilla hasta privar al cuerpo de oxígeno.

La ONU ha instado a Alabama a abandonar este método “incipiente y no probado”, considerándolo potencialmente constitutivo de tortura según el derecho internacional. Aunque Alabama defendió su decisión como “el método más humano”, la Suprema Corte de Estados Unidos denegó la solicitud de suspensión de la ejecución de Smith.

La pena de muerte sigue siendo un tema controvertido en Estados Unidos, con un 53% de apoyo según una encuesta reciente de Gallup, el nivel más bajo desde 1972. La pena capital ha sido abolida en 23 estados, mientras que en otros seis su uso permanece suspendido.

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