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lunes, abril 22, 2024
InicioHemerotecaLa rabia animal y sus síntomas

La rabia animal y sus síntomas

La rabia canina es quizá una de las condiciones más conocidas, y es que cualquier mamífero puede contagiarse de esta enfermedad siendo los perros los principales transmisores a nivel mundial.Los únicos lugares del mundo en que no existe el virus de la rabia son Australia, las islas británicas y la Antártica. Además de en estos lugares, el virus de la rabia existe en cualquier otro lugar del mundo. Es causada por un virus de la familia Rhabdoviridae.

La rabia se contagia mediante la transmisión del virus Rhabdoviridae, que se transfiere usualmente por la mordida o la simple saliva de un animal infectado. No obstante, se han documentado algunos casos en que el virus de la rabia ha sido transmitido en partículas.

A nivel mundial los perros son los principales portadores de esta enfermedad, especialmente aquellos animales que no han recibido los cuidados ni el tratamiento de vacunas, sin embargo la rabia también puede transmitirse a través de la mordida de otros animales domésticos como los gatos, o de animales salvajes como los zorrillos, los mapaches o los murciélagos.

Además de afectar de forma letal a nuestro perro, la rabia también puede contagiarse a los humanos si son mordidos por algún animal infectado, por ello trabajar en su prevención y reconocer a tiempo sus síntomas resulta fundamental para garantizar la salud de todos los dueños de mascotas.

Se sabe que el virus de la rabia no dura mucho fuera de un cuerpo con vida. Se ha reportado que puede permanecer activo en carcasas de animales hasta 24 horas.

Si una persona es mordida por un perro o por cualquier otro animal, inmediatamente hay que consultar la unidad de salud o cualquier centro medico para recibir un tratamiento especial y verificar el estado del animal del cual fue mordido para garantizar la salud de la persona mordida y de la mascota.

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