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jueves, febrero 29, 2024
InicioHemerotecaDesarrollan un sistema de calefacción ecológica para viviendas rurales

Desarrollan un sistema de calefacción ecológica para viviendas rurales

Los profesionales del Instituto de Investigación y Políticas del Ambiente Construido (IIPAC) (Argentina) trabajan desde hace más de una década con agricultores familiares del cinturón hortícola platense. Durante estos años han podido detectar que una de las principales dificultades en la habitabilidad de la vivienda es la climatización de las mismas, así como también de sus espacios productivos.

Graciela Viegas, directora del proyecto de extensión universitaria, explicó que “existen problemas históricos relacionados con la inversión destinada a mejorar el hábitat socio-productivo en terrenos donde los agricultores sólo son arrendatarios y dicha situación hace que las inversiones sean transitorias. Es por eso que este desarrollo busca mejorar la climatización en la vivienda y, además, en los espacios productivos agropecuarios como las parideras porcinas y los criaderos de pollos”.

Actualmente, los productores usan energía convencional con infraestructura de baja eficiencia y un grado importante de contaminación. Los sistemas de climatización usados son peligrosos para la salud de los ocupantes. Además generan un gasto que las familias no pueden afrontar debido a la escasez de recursos económicos.

El proyecto propone la adecuación e implementación de un sistema solar de climatización que evita emisiones contaminantes en los ambientes y es adaptable a diferentes espacios de uso (habitacional/productivos). Para implementarlo se utilizará una tecnología sencilla en la construcción, montaje y desmontaje, que permite, a su vez, reconfigurar o relocalizar equipos en diferentes espacios. De esta manera, se asegura que la inversión pueda trasladarse a otro lugar.

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